Select the search type
  • Site
  • Web




Menaethius monoceros

Spider crab, Decorator crab

Chi Chiu Lo (2014)



Fact Sheet


Brief Introduction


Physical Description



Relationship With Other Organisms

Life History & Behaviour

Anatomy & Physiology


Biogeographic Distribution

References & Links



Ahyong, ST, Lai, JCY, Sharkey, D, Colgan, DJ &Ng, PKL 2007, ‘Phylogenetics of the brachyuran crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda): Thestatus of Podotremata based on small subunit nuclear ribosomal RNA’, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution,vol. 45, no. 2. pp. 576-586.

An, J 2009, ‘A review of bopyrid isopods infestingcrabs from China’, Integrative andComparative Biology, vol.  49, no. 2,pp. 95–105.

Barnaed, KH 1950, ‘Descriptive catalogue of SouthAfrican decapod crustacea’, Annals of theSouth African Museum, vol. 28, pp. 1-837.


Capper, A, Cruz-Rivera, E, Paul, VJ & Tibbetts,IR 2006, ‘Chemical deterrence of a marine cyanobacterium against sympatric andnon-sympatric consumers’, Hydrobiologia,vol. 553, no. 1, pp. 319-326.


Ceccaldi, HL 1998, ‘A Synopsis of the Morphology anPhysiology of the Digestive System of Some Crustacean Species Studied in France’,Reviews in Fisheries Science, vol. 6, no. 1 & 2, pp. 13-39.

Cooper, RT 1997, ‘Mangal-Associated Brachyura(Ocypodidae, Grapsidae, Portunidae, Majidae, Xanthidae and Leucosiidae) Fromthe North-Eastern Coastal Islands of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates’, Crustaceana, vol. 20, no. 2, p. 155.

Cruz-Rivera, E & Paul, VJ 2006, ‘Feeding bycoral reef mesograzers: algae or cyanobacteria?’, Coral Reefs, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 617-627.

Dineshababu, AP, Durgekar, RN & Zacharia PU,‘Estuarine & Marine Decapods of Karnataka Inventory’, Fishing Chimes, vol. 30, no. 10&11, pp. 20-24.

Forest, J & Guinot, D 1961, Crustacés décapodes brachyoures: de Tahitiet des Tuamotu, éditions de la Fondation Singer-Polignac.

Galil, BS, Clark, PF, Carlton, JT (eds.) 2011, In the Wrong Place - Alien MarineCrustaceans: Distribution, Biology and Impacts, Invading Nature - SpringerSeries in Invasion Ecology 6, Springer, Dordrecht.

Galil, BS, Clark, PF, Ng, PKL & Falciai, L2008, ‘Actumnus globulus (Crustacea: Decapoda: Pilumnidae)—another Erythreanpilumnid in the Mediterranean Sea’, MarineBiodiversity Records, vol. 1, pp. 1-3.


Griffin, DJG 1966, ‘Extension of Range for TwoIndo-West-Pacific Spider Crabs (Decapoda, Majidae)’, Crustaceana, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 312-314.

Griffin, DJG 1974, Spider crabs (Crustacea: Brachyura: Majidae) from the InternationalIndian Ocean Expedition, 1963-1964, Smithsonian Institution Press, City ofWashington.

Griffin, DJG & Tranter, HA 1974, ‘Spider crabsof the family Majidae (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura) from the Red Sea’, Israel Journal of Zoology, vol. 23, pp.162-198.

Guerao, G & Abello, P 1996, ‘Larval developmentof Acanthonyx lunulatus (Brachyura, Majidae, Epialtinae), Journal of Plankton Research, vol. 18, no. 7, pp. 1185-1200.

Henderson, JR 1893, ‘X. A Contribution to IndianCarcinology.’, Transactions of theLinnean Society of London. 2nd Series: Zoology, vol. 5, no. 10, pp.325-458.

Hutchings, PA & Weate, PD 1977, ‘Distributionand abundance of cryptofauna from Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef’, Marine Research in Indonesia, no. 17,pp. 99-112.

Jamison BGN 1994, ‘Phylogeny of the Brachyura withParticular Reference to the Podotremata: Evidence from a Review of SpermatozoalUltrastructure (Crustacea, Decapoda)’, PhilosophicalTransactions: Biological Sciences, vol. 345, no. 1314, pp. 373-393.

Jamieson, BGM, Schltinga, DM, Forges, BR 1998, ‘Anultrastructural study of spermatozoa of the Majidae with particular referenceto the aberrant spermatozoon of Macropodia longirostris (Crustacea, Decapoda,Brachyura),  Acta Zoologica, vol . 79, no. 3, pp.193-206.

Ko, HS 1998, ‘Zoeal development of three species ofPugettia (Decapoda: Majidae), with a key to the known zoeas of the subfamilyEpialtinae’, Journal of CrustaceanBiology, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 499-510.

Korn, OM & Rybakov, AV 2001, ‘LarvalDevelopment in the RhizocephalanBarnacle Sacculina pilosella’, Russian Journal of MarineBiology, vol. 27, no. 3, pp.177-179.

Latreille, PA 1825, Entomologie, ou histoire naturelle des crustacds, des arachnides et desinsectes. Volume 10 in Encyclopedic Methodique: Histoire Naturelle, p. 832.

Leray, M, Boehm, JT, Mills, SC & Meyer, CP2012, ‘Moorea BIOCODE barcode library as a tool for understanding predator–preyinteractions: insights into the diet of common predatory coral reef fishes’, Coral Reefs, vol. 31, no.2, pp. 383-388.

Lundoer, S 1974, A checklist of the marine Brachyura in the reference collection at PMBC,Thailand, Phuket Marine Biological Centre, Phuket, Thailand.

Falcial, L 2002, ‘First record of Menaethiusmonoceros (Latreille, 1825)(Decapoda, Majidae) in the central Tyrrhenian Sea’, Crustaceana, vol. 75, no. 10, pp.1279-1283.

Nomura, K, Nagai, S, Asakura, A & Komai, T1996, ‘A preliminary list of shallow water decapods Crustacea in the KeramaGroup, the Ryukyu Archipelago’, Bull.Biogeogr. Soc. Japan, vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 7-21.

Pillai, NK 1966, ‘Isopod Parasites of South IndianCrustaceans’, Crustaceanai, vol. 10,no. 2, pp. 183-191.

Peyrot-Clausade, M 1989, ‘Crab cryptofauna(Brachyura and Anomura) of Tikehau, Tuamotu Archipelago, French Polynesia’, Coral Reefs, vol. 8, pp. 109-117.

Plaisance, L, Knowlton, N, Paulay, G & Meyer, C2009, ‘Reef-associated crustacean fauna: Biodiversity estimates usingsemi-quantitative sampling and DNA barcoding’, Coral Reefs, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 977-986.

Pohle, G & Marques, FPL 2003, ‘Zoeal stages andmegalopa of Leucippa pentagona H. Milne Edwards, 1833 (Decapoda: Brachyura:Majoidea: Epialtidae) obtained from laboratory culture and a comparison withother epialtid and majoid larvae’, InvertebrateReproduction & Development, vol.43, no. 1, pp. 55-70.

Ruppert, E, Fox, R & Barnes, R 2004, Invertebrate Zoology: A FunctionalEvolutionary Approach, 7th Edition, Cengage, California, USA.

Sankarankutty, C 1961, ‘On some crabs (Decapoda-Brachyura)from the Laccadive Archipelago’, Journalof the Marine Biological Association of India, vol. 3, no. 1&2, pp.120-136.

Sankarankutty, C 1962, ‘On Decapoda Brachyura fromthe Andaman and Nicobar Islands-3. Families: Calappidae, Leucosiidae,Parthenopidae, Maiidae and Gecarcinidae’, Journalof the Marine Biological Association of India, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 151-164.

Sankarankutty, C 1965, ‘On decapoda brachyura fromthe Gulf of Mannar and Palk Bay’, Proc.Symp. Crust. Mar. biol. Assoc. India, vol. 1, pp. 347-362.

Simões, N, Apel, M & Jones, DA 2001, ‘Intertidalhabitats and decapod faunal assemblages (Crustacea: Decapoda) of SocotraIsland, Republic of Yemen’, Hydrobiologia,vol. 449, no. 1, pp. 81-97.

Siokou, I, Gerakaris, V, Grego, M, Issaris, Y,Kadis, K, Kataǧan, T, Kapiris, K, Katsanevakis, S, Kerkhof, F, Papastergiadou,E, Pešić, V, Ateş, AS, Polychronidis, L, Rifi, M, Salomidi, M, Sezgin, M,Triantaphyllou, M, Tsiamis, K, Turan, C, Tziortzis, I, D'Udekem D'Acoz, C,Yaglioglu, D, Ayas, D; Zaouali, J; Zenetos, A; Ben Souissi, J; Chatterjee, T;Dimiza, M; Durgham, H; Dogrammatzi, K; Erguden, D 2013, ‘New MediterraneanMarine biodiversity records (June 2013)’, MediterraneanMarine Science, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 238-249.

Smale, DA, Barnes, DKA, Barnes, RSK, Smith, DJ& Suggett, DJ 2012, ‘Spatial variability in the structure of intertidalcrab and gastropod assemblages within the Seychelles Archipelago (Indian Ocean)’,Journal of Sea Research, vol. 69, pp.8-15.

Stephensen, K 1945, The Brachyura of the Iranian Gulf, Ejnar Munksgaard

Takeda, M & Kurata, Y 1977, ‘Crabs of theOgasawara Islands’, Bull. Natn. Sci.Mus., Ser. A (Zool.), vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 91-111.

Tudge, CC, Scheltinga, DM, Jamieson, BGM, Guino, D& Forge, BR 2014, ‘Comparative ultrastructure of the spermatozoa of theMajoidea (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) with new data on six species in fivegenera’, Acta Zoologica, vol. 95, no.1, pp. 1-20.

Venkataraman, K, Sivaperuman, C & Raghunathan,C (eds.) 2013, Ecology and Conservationof Tropical Marine Faunal Communities, Springer, Berlin Heidelberg.