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Tripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus 1758)

Collector Urchin

Stephanie Lyon (2014)



Fact Sheet



Physical Description


Life History & Behaviour

Anatomy & Physiology

Evolution & Systematics

Biogeographic Distribution

Conservation & Threats

References & Links

References & Links

Brennand, H. S., Soars, N., Dworjanyn, S. A., Davis,A. R., & Byrne, M. (2010). Impact of ocean warming and ocean acidificationon larval development and calcification in the sea urchin Tripneustes gratilla.PLoS One, 5(6), e11372.

Byrne, M., Cisternas, P., Hoggett, A.,O’Hara, T., & Uthicke, S. (2006, January). Diversity of echinoderms at Raine Island, Great Barrier Reef. In Echinoderms: Munchen: Proceedings ofthe 11th International Echinoderm Conference, 6-10 October 2003, Munich,Germany (p. 159). Taylor & Francis.

Caldeira, K., & Wickett, M. E. (2003).Oceanography: anthropogenic carbon and ocean pH. Nature, 425(6956),365-365.

de Loma, T. L., Conand, C.,Harmelin-Vivien, M., & Ballesteros, E. (2002). Food selectivity ofTripneustes gratilla (L.)(Echinodermata: Echinoidea) in oligotrophic andnutrient-enriched coral reefs at La Reunion (Indian Ocean). Bulletin ofMarine Science, 70(3), 927-938.

Dupont S, Orega-Martίnez O, Thorndyke M (2010) Impactof near-future ocean acidification on echinoderms. Ecotoxicology 19: 449–462.

Dworjanyn, S. A., Pirozzi, I., &Liu, W. (2007). The effect of the addition of algae feeding stimulants toartificial diets for the sea urchin Tripneustes gratilla, Aquaculture, 273(4),624-633.

Fell, B. (1965). The early evolution of the Echinozoa. Harvard University.

Kroh, A. & Smith, A. B. (2010). The phylogeny and classification ofpost-Palaeozoic echinoids. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 7,147-212.

Lawrence JM, Agatsuma Y (2007) Ecology of Tripneustes. In: Lawrence JM, editor. The biology and ecology of edible urchins. pp.499–520. Elsevier Science, Amsterdam.

Matsuoka, N. (1985). Biochemical phylogeny of the sea-urchins of the family Toxopneustidae. ComparativeBiochemistry and Physiology Part B: Comparative Biochemistry, 80(4),767-771.

Ruppert, E. E., & Fox, R. S. (2004).Invertebrate Zoology: A Functional Evolutionary Approach (of RD Barnes’Invertebrate Zoology). Brooks/Cole, Belmont, CA.

Encyclopedia of Life. (2010). Encyclopedia of Life.[ONLINE] Available at:[Accessed 03 June 14]

Florent Charpin. 2010. Florent's Guide To The TropicalReefs. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 01 June 14]

World Echinoidea Database . 2014. Echinoidea taxondetails. [ONLINE] Available at:[Accessed 03 June 14]

WoRMS.2014. World Register of Marine Science. [ONLINE] Available at:[Accessed 01 June 14]